We pursue an integrated approach to corporate environmental protection. That is why we start with the causes of potential negative environmental effects. We minimize negative effects of our activities with the help of effective environmental management systems and state-of-the-art technologies. We promote climate protection, conserve valuable resources, and contribute to the preservation of a livable environment — at our locations and beyond.
We have formulated our requirements for a comprehensive system of environmental protection in the environmental and energy guidelines of the Daimler Group. Detailed specifications for the Group-wide environmental management system are defined in the Environmental Management Manual. In addition, we have internal standards for handling hazardous materials, waste management, and the prevention of soil and water contamination.
Our Environmental and Energy Guidelines
Organization. On behalf of the Daimler Board of Management, the Member of the Board of Management of Daimler AG, Group Research & Mercedes-Benz Cars Development represents the environmental concerns of the Group. Different organizational units ensure the central management, networking, and communication of environmental issues:
- The Chief Environmental Officer is mandated by the Board of Management to coordinate the Group-wide environmental management activities and to advise the company’s management on environmental issues.
- The Corporate Environmental Protection unit coordinates the operational requirements of the Group-wide environmental management function which include analyses of the legal requirements, definition and advancement of environmental protection standards, environmental reporting, and production-related environmental protection risk management.
- Regional committees in Europe, Asia, North and South America ensure that local and regional conditions are taken into account in production-related environmental protection measures and that the related activities are appropriately managed in coordination with the Corporate Environmental Protection unit and the Group’s Chief Environmental Officer.
Training. We regularly organize awareness and training programs for our employees and managers with a focus on the practical applications of operations-related environmental protection and questions concerning environmental responsibility. We also train our auditors on audits of our environmental management systems of our plants. In addition, our “refresher courses” on environmental management allow participants to exchange ideas and experiences.
Control. In order to eliminate or reduce environmental risks in advance, we regularly audit our locations in accordance with globally uniform standards. Suppliers must observe our sustainability requirements and are expected to operate with an environmental management system that is certified according to ISO 14001, EMAS or other comparable standards. In addition, our Mercedes-Benz specifications define requirements for the environmental compatibility of our component deliveries. Furthermore, the Mercedes-Benz contract terms contain requirements concerning materials selection, banned substances, and recycling requirements, as well as compliance with environmental legislation.
Environmental risk analysis
Our audit and evaluation system for environmental risk analysis has been established for 15 years. We have developed it on a continuous basis since its introduction in 1999. The procedure includes a systematic evaluation of environmental management systems and all processes of relevance to the environment: emissions to the atmosphere and waste water, waste management, handling of hazardous materials, and damage to the soil and groundwater.
To this end, a team of auditors visits all Daimler locations at fixed intervals – including the locations we operate as a majority shareholder. The auditors conduct extensive interviews and plant tours. The findings are documented in reports to the heads of the production locations and summarized in “Summary Reports” for top management.
In 2014, we introduced new IT tools for environmental risk analysis. In addition, the topics were revised, and the report form was structured more clearly. In addition to the evaluation of environmental risks, the process also facilitates sharing of best practice examples that flow into the Daimler standards, which have worldwide validity as internal guidelines on the topics of soil and groundwater protection, handling of hazardous materials, and protection of surface water contamination.
Certification. Our production locations worldwide are certified in accordance with ISO 14001 and are regularly audited to determine whether they meet the requirements of this environmental management system. As a result, over 98 percent of all Daimler employees work within the framework of a certified environmental management system. In addition, almost all German locations are certified in accordance with the EU Eco Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). A total of 18 locations — including our major plants — already have energy management systems that are certified in accordance with ISO 50001.
Environmental statements of the plants
In addition to obtaining ISO 14001 certification for their environmental management systems, all Daimler production locations in Germany, as well as the EvoBus GmbH plants in Neu-Ulm and Mannheim, the smart production facility in Hambach, France, and the new plant in Kecskemét, Hungary, voluntarily participate in the European Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS).
The environmental statements issued by the production locations are validated by independent experts and disclose all important environmental data, goals, and measures (and their state of implementation) for the facility in question.
Environmental statements are published every three years. In the interim we issue “Updated Environmental Statements” for the annual environmental statistics, which are also used in reporting on the level of implementation of the environmental program and any changes in environmental management. The environmental statements are released at different times by the various locations.
You can find all environmental statements of the plants here (in German only).
Environmental protection costs. Our investments in environmental protection plant and facilities with integrated environmental protection features amounted to around €108 million in 2014 (previous year: €140 million), whereby integrated environmental protection features are not clearly separable. Current environmental protection expenditures for personnel, operations, and waste disposals were at €432 million (previous year: €432 million). Our Group-wide expenditures for development projects relating to environmental protection, such as alternative drive systems, state-of-the-art emission control technologies, and efficiency increases in the vehicle, amounted to €2.4 billion (previous year: €2.5 billion).
Principles of data collection. In our recording of environmental and energy data we take into account all relevant locations which are majority owned by Daimler AG. Details on the approach and procedure are provided in the Internet.
Data overview and details on the collection of data
Interactive overview of data on environmental protection in production
With the help of our online key figure comparison you can compile historical data from previous years at your discretion. The figures can be displayed as a chart or a table, and can also be downloaded as an Excel file.
Absolute key figures – ecology
Specific key figures – ecology
How we collect and present our environmental data
Resource consumption and emissions are largely dependent on the number of units produced. That is why we calculate specific values for the individual divisions. This involves matching the number of vehicles produced in the consolidated plants of each division with the appropriate data of the production facilities. Since the reorganization of the divisional structure in the commercial vehicles area, we have been collecting the specific figures for the Trucks, Vans, and Buses divisions separately in each case. To arrive at consistent time series, the current structure is also extrapolated back where possible.
The specific data gained in this way can only serve as general benchmarks, because they do not take into account the ways in which the vertical integration of production has developed, the diversity of products, or the special features of the production network, which in some cases extends across divisions.
The collection of environmental and energy data covers all relevant production locations, including headquarters and the product development areas, which are majority-owned by Daimler AG, as well as the central warehouse in Germersheim, including its satellite warehouses, and the Daimler sales locations in Germany. The battery production in Kamenz (Germany) and the aggregate component plants in Toluca (Mexico), Cugir and Sebes (both in Romania), Most (Czech Republic) and Maribor (Slovenia) as well as the assembly location in Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) were consolidated for the first time in 2013. In 2014, energy data from another 12 European bus sales locations were added. Individual administrative sites outside of production locations and the locations of Daimler Financial Services are not taken into consideration.
Calculation of CO2 emissions
How we calculate our CO2 emissions
Daimler calculates and documents CO2 emissions in accordance with the 2004 Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative. In doing this, we fully consider all relevant majority holdings of the Group (control approach).
All direct CO2 emissions from stationary sources (Scope 1) as well as indirect emissions resulting from the generation of the purchased electricity and district heating (Scope 2) are taken into account. We calculate our direct emissions from the combustion of fuels, heating oil, natural gas, liquid gas, and coal with fixed factors as specified by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) or the German Emissions Trading Office, DEHSt.
We began including combustion of fuels in the calculations of Group-wide CO2 emissions for the first time in the 2010 reporting year. The calculation also includes the consumption for production purposes (e.g. forklifts) and test benches in Product Engineering. Company cars assigned to specific individuals are not taken into account. If data are available, the calculation also includes previous years.
We calculate the indirect emissions from district heat and electricity from external generation differentiated according to time and regions. If more detailed data are not available, we use the current factors of the International Energy Agency (IEA). In the USA we use the factors for energy production published by the EPA. The CO2 emissions from energy production for the German locations are calculated on the basis of the applicable factors of the German Environmental Agency, without taking the electricity trading balance into account.
With a view to reducing our production-related carbon emissions and continuously improving our energy supply, we are investing in facilities such as block heating plants within our plants and are optimizing our external energy procurement. Since 2011, we have been purchasing green electricity and have leased a highly efficient gas and steam combination power plant (GuDPlattling). We distribute the electricity produced there among our German plants. In line with this, the CO2 emissions attributable to the electrical power generation in Plattling are allocated to the plants, calculated using the CO2 factor specific to the power plant.
At this time, we are not calculating the figures for other greenhouse gases across the Group. As the balance sheet of climate-affecting coolants in the German plants shows, the emissions from such coolants account for only a negligible value in the parts per thousand range. We calculate other indirect CO2 emissions from purchased services and preliminary work (Scope 3), for example, for business travel and truck deliveries. We disclose the CO2 emissions of the product use phase as specific emissions for the vehicles.