Logistics and employee transport

The incoming and outgoing delivery traffic in our plants as well as the distances our employees travel for work and business also affect our environmental balances through emissions, noise, and use of resources. We minimize the environmental effects of these transports through the use of an efficient logistics system and of rail and waterway transport. We replace business travel by telephone, video or online conferences wherever possible and expedient. Employees at the Sindelfingen and Stuttgart locations receive discounted yearly passes for the public transit system. Truck deliveries to our German plants, to the Hungarian plant in Kecskemét, and the plant in Vitoria, Spain are monitored centrally. The CO2 emissions can be approximated on the basis of the tonnage and truck kilometers traveled.

  • Optimization of transport logistics

    Today, we are increasingly producing more vehicles locally in the respective sales markets around the world. As a result, the number of our plants as well as suppliers’ production locations is growing, and product diversity is also on the rise. Accordingly, our logistics network is becoming increasingly more complex.

    Today, our global system of transport logistics services about 75 production plants in about 30 countries and about 8,500 dealers almost everywhere in the world. In 2013 we transported around 1.9 million vehicles worldwide. In addition, around 9.5 million tons of production materials and 1.7 million tons of spare parts were transported in Europe alone. The worldwide transport volume was at around 230,000 standard containers of sea freight, about 41,000 tons of air freight, and 25,000 tons of express packages.

    We are working at full speed on the optimization of the logistics network in order to reduce the associated CO2 emissions. The main goal here is to optimally interconnect the hubs to enable shortening the travel distances and improving capacity utilization. In addition, innovative transport concepts and new means of transport play an important role.

    Our selection of logistics concepts is based on the costs, transport duration and quality, and now also on the CO2 emissions. We are also guided by different sustainability criteria in the selection of our logistics providers, which include environmental certificates, the use of eco-friendly equipment, documentation of reduced CO2 emissions, driver training for an environmentally friendly driving style, and innovations for greater sustainability. We also demand the use of low-emission trucks certified to the latest European emissions standards.

    We are working intensively on further improvements in numerous projects. Some examples from the year 2014:
    • As part of the project “HUB North/South” for railway transport of vehicles we were able to reduce the CO2 emissions by around 4,400 tons per year.
    • We managed to considerably reduce the return transport of empty containers in which production materials were previously shipped from Europe to South Africa. We are now using containers for shipping vehicles made in South Africa to Europe, in which the use of a special rack enables loading three instead of only two vehicles per container.
    • Vehicles from South Africa were previously also shipped to Southern Europe via the port of Bremerhaven. Now they can be shipped there directly, which will eliminate around 865,000 truck-kilometers per year in the first project phase.
    • By using the load carriers across plants in accordance with a new concept, we can now provide material suppliers with empty load carriers from the most optimal Daimler location in each case. In 2014 alone, there was a reduction of around 2,300 tons of CO2.
    Worldwide transport streams 2014 inbound logistics sea freight containers

    Enlarge

 

Truck shipments of suppliers in Germany, Vitoria (Spain), and Kecskemét (Hungary)
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Truck kilometers (in millions) 135 159 166 173 218
Cargo (in million t) 3.7 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9
CO2 emissions (in 1,000 t) 101 119 133 139 171

 

CO2 emissions from business travel (starting from Germany)
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
1,000 t          
Train 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8
Plane 51.3 66.4 72.4 73.2 80.0