Glossary

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A B C D E F G H I J L M N P R S T U

A

  • AdBlue AdBlue is an aqueous carbamide solution that is used as a reducing agent in BLUETEC technology. AdBlue is injected via a metering valve into the pretreated exhaust gas stream, where the carbamide is transformed into ammonia (NH3). In the downstream SCR catalytic converter, the ammonia then reduces the nitrogen oxides (NOx) to harmless nitrogen (N2) and water.


B

  • BLUETEC Developed by Mercedes-Benz, BLUETEC technology combines optimal combustion with exhaust gas treatment known as selective catalytic reduction (SCR). All relevant emission components are reduced to a minimum in this process. The most important objective is to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions.

  • Boosting Boosting refers to the driving condition in which a hybrid vehicle is powered by the internal combustion engine in combination with the electric motor. This occurs during the high-consumption phases of moving off from standstill and acceleration.

  • Braking bag The braking bag is an additional braking element housed in a vehicle's floor unit. If the sensors register acute danger of collision, the braking bag is deployed immediately before impact and braces the vehicle against the road surface with a high-friction coating. The vehicle's vertical acceleration increases the friction, thereby generating an additional braking effect prior to impact.

  • Brookings Institution The Brookings Institution, based in Washington, DC, is an independent organisation for research, education and publication with a focus on public politics in the fields of economy, foreign affairs and governance. It pursues three main goals: strengthening American democracy; fostering the economic and social welfare, security and opportunity of all Americans; and securing a more open, safe, prosperous and cooperative international system. (Source: www.brookings.edu)

  • BTL (Biomass-to-liquid) Biomass-to-liquid (BTL) refers to liquid fuels synthesized from biomass. BTL is derived from a wide variety of biogenic waste and residual materials through biomass gasification; it thus does not compete with food and fodder production. BTL can be used in current and future diesel engines without modification.


C

  • CAFE (Corporate Average Fuel Economy)standards In the U.S., the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards provide the legal framework for improving the energy-efficiency of vehicles. CAFE defines specifications for a manufacturer's average fleet consumption (in miles per gallon) per model year.

  • CDI (common rail direct injection) With common rail direct injection, fuel pressure is built up independently of injection sequences and is constantly available in the fuel line. The shared line to the cylinders (common rail) serves as a pressure reservoir and distributes the fuel to the injectors at a constant pressure of up to 1,600 bar. This is made possible by high-performance solenoid valves, which separately regulate the injection times and fuel quantities for each combustion chamber according to requirements, as determined by the electronic engine management system.

  • CGI (stratified-charged gasoline injection) CGI (stratified-charged gasoline injection) is a direct-injection concept for gasoline engines. Thanks to spray-guided piezo direct injection, which was first used by Mercedes-Benz in CGI gasoline engines in place of the conventional wall-guided combustion process, the precisely metered fuel – on the basis of load requirements and the driving situation – is injected into the cylinders, where it burns almost completely with a very high air excess. This makes for further reductions in fuel consumption and pollutant emissions.

  • Customer relationship management (CRM) Customer relationship management (CRM) is a customer-oriented concept with the objective of integrating the management of all relationships with customers – from marketing, through sales, to customer service. All distribution channels are involved in all customer contact interfaces. (Source: www.bpm-akademie.de/bpmakademie/opencms/de/Glossar/)


D

  • Design for Environment (DfE) Design for Environment (DfE) refers to the integration of environmental aspects into product design and development.

  • DIESOTTO With direct injection and turbocharging, the DIESOTTO engine developed by Mercedes-Benz combines the high performance of the gasoline engine with the exemplary torque and low consumption of a diesel.

  • Downsizing Downsizing refers to the use of engines with a low displacement, which by means of intelligent injection technology, turbochargers and compressors attain a level of performance comparable with or better than engines used previously. The proportion of part-load range increases, and consumption and emissions are reduced.


E

  • ECO power steering pump For low steering requirements, the ECO power steering pump reduces the rate of flow to the steering gear – the engine is not required to power the steering pump and thus operates more economically.

  • ECO start-stop function The ECO start-stop function automatically deactivates the engine as soon as a vehicle comes to a standstill (for example at traffic lights or in a traffic jam), thereby reducing fuel consumption and emissions.

  • EEV (Enhanced Environmentally Friendly Vehicle) The Enhanced Environmentally Friendly Vehicle (EEV) standard is currently the most stringent European emissions standard for commercial vehicles. Trucks and buses that meet the EEV standard, which is based on voluntary agreements, also comply with Euro V emissions legislation.

  • EMAS (Environmental Management and Audit Scheme) The Environmental Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is an instrument developed by the European Community for enterprises seeking to improve their environmental performance.

  • Environmental Guidelines The Environmental Guidelines define Daimler AG's environmental policy. The Group is committed to integrated environmental protection. → Link to Environmental Guidelines

  • EPA 2010 The stringent EPA 2010 emission standard of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency came into force on 1st January 2010.

  • ESP® ESP®(the Electronic Stability Program) prevents a vehicle from breaking out – within physical limits – in critical situations (e.g. during sharp swerving to avoid an obstacle or in conditions of aquaplaning) by selectively braking one or more individual wheels. ESP monitors and compares the driving condition of the vehicle with the driver's steering movements and thereby registers the hazard of over- or understeering within a fraction of a second.

  • Euro 1 to 6 (cars) Emission standards for motor vehicles determined by the European Union. They prescribe limits for the pollutants carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, and particulates contained in exhaust gas.

  • Euro 0 to VI (commercial vehicles) Emission standards for motor vehicles determined by the European Union. They prescribe limits for the pollutants carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, and particulates contained in exhaust gas.

  • EuroRAP (European Road Assessment Programme) The aim of the EuroRAP (European Road Assessment Programme), founded in 2001, is the systematic evaluation and enhancement of road safety in Europe, for example by identifying and eliminating accident black spots.


F

  • Front Collision Guard (FCG) Front Collision Guard (FCG) is a new passive safety system for the protection of the driver and front passenger in a frontal impact. It is a standard feature in the new-generation Mercedes-Benz and Setra TopClass Travego 400 touring coaches. FCG is a complex system that can selectively absorb energy in a frontal collision and ensures an unprecedented level of bus safety.

  • Fuel cell In the fuel cell, hydrogen reacts with oxygen to yield water – electricity is generated in this process. The energy chemically bound in the hydrogen is thus directly converted into electricity.


G

  • German Marshall Fund (GMF) The German Marshall Fund of the United States, based in Washington, DC, is an independent American foundation dedicated to the promotion of transatlantic relations in politics, industry and society. The GMF is represented in seven European cities: Berlin, Bratislava, Paris, Brussels, Belgrade, Ankara and Bucharest. (Source: www.gmfus.org/about/index.cfm)

  • Global Road Safety Partnership The Global Road Safety Partnership is a program initiated by the World Bank for the financing and implementation of road safety projects in various countries. http://www.grsproadsafety.org

  • Greenhouse Gas Standards The new U.S. CO2 legislation (Greenhouse Gas Standards) establishes fleet average CO2 emission figures for cars and light commercial vehicles as of model year 2012. An industry average of 250 grams of CO2 per mile (155 grams per kilometre) is to be attained by model year 2016.


H

  • Hybrid Hybrid refers to the combination of internal combustion engine and electric motor; these are used either individually or in tandem depending on the type of vehicle and the driving situation. Especially in urban areas, this makes for fuel savings of up to 20 percent. The key component in electrification is the energy storage unit.

  • Hydrotreated vegetable oils (HVO) Hydrotreated vegetable oils (HVO) are diesel fuels which, like biodiesel (FAME), are derived from vegetable oil. Rather than being esterified, as with biodiesel, the oil is treated in an industrial processing plant at high temperatures and under high pressure, with the addition of hydrogen. The result is a high-quality diesel fuel that is ideally suited to both cold and hot engine conditions.


I

  • ILO (International Labour Organisation) The International Labour Organisation (ILO), based in Geneva, is a specialised agency of the United Nations. The 183 member states are represented in the organs of the ILO both by government delegates and by employees' and employers' representatives. The ILO focuses on the formulation and enforcement of international labour and social standards, social and equitable management of globalization and the creation of decent work as a key prerequisite for the abatement of poverty. (source)


J

  • JP 09 Emissions standards for commercial vehicles that came into force in Japan in 2009.


L

  • Lithium-ion batteries The energy storage unit holds the key to all forms of vehicle electrification – from hybrids to purely electric vehicles powered by the fuel cell and the battery. Compared to other types of battery, the lithium-ion battery offers decisive advantages, such as highly compact dimensions, much higher performance, a long service life and high reliability. Mercedes-Benz uses the lithium-ion battery in hybrid, battery and fuel cell vehicles.


M

  • Matrix certification Matrix certification (or group certification) groups together operations (at the MBVD branches) with the same corporate focus for certification or validation according to the EMAS standard.

  • Mercedes-Benz German Sales Organisation (MBVD) The Mercedes-Benz German Sales Organisation (MBVD) is one of the automotive industry's major distributors. As part of Daimler AG, the company at its Berlin headquarters controls sales and service for vehicles of the Mercedes-Benz, Maybach, smart and Mitsubishi Fuso brands on the German market.

  • MeRSy MeRSy Recycling Management is a unified recycling system controlled by Daimler AG for workshop waste and used vehicle components. Used parts such as airbags, shock absorbers, starter batteries and tyres, along with service fluids, have been registered by MeRSy since 1993.

  • MobileKids Daimler developed the worldwide MobileKids road safety Initiative in cooperation with an international team of experts. MobileKids enhances the receptiveness of children aged 6 to 12 years in matters of mobility and safety and raises their awareness for sustainable treatment of the environment and natural resources. http://www.mobilekids.de

  • Mothers against Drunk Driving The U.S. organisation Mothers Against Drunk Driving combats driving under the influence of alcohol. http://www.madd.org


N

  • NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) Since 1996, the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) has been prescribed by European legislation for measuring the emissions and fuel consumption of motor vehicles.

  • NGT (natural gas technology) Natural gas technology (NGT) from Mercedes-Benz is a BlueEFFICIENCY technology marked by extremely low pollutant emissions on the basis of natural gas alone (univalent) or natural gas and gasoline (bivalent).


P

  • Piezo injector Piezo technology is a key development for the optimization of internal combustion engines. Thanks to their extremely short cycle times, piezo injectors can inject diesel fuel into the combustion chamber with a high degree of precision. Compared to conventional solenoid valves, this technology makes for lower consumption, reduced emissions and quieter engines.

  • Plug-in battery In addition to charging via the internal combustion engine and by recuperation, a plug-in battery can also be recharged at a charging station. This extends a vehicle's purely electric range.

  • PRE-SAFE® PRE-SAFE® is a preventive occupant protection system. If the system detects an impending collision, precautionary protective measures are taken for the passengers.

  • Product lifecycle From the initial product idea to withdrawal from the market, a vehicle model passes through various phases (research and development, supply, logistics, production, distribution, use and end of life) which are together referred to as the product lifecycle.


R

  • Range extender The combination of a battery-electric drive unit with an internal combustion engine significantly increases an electric vehicle's operating range. The internal combustion engine generates additional electricity via a generator and is thus referred to as a range extender.

  • Recuperation function With the recuperation function, the electric motor serves as a generator during braking and whenever the accelerator pedal is released; the vehicle's kinetic energy is converted into electrical energy. This recovered energy is stored in the (lithium-ion) battery of the hybrid vehicle and is made available when required.


S

  • Safetyplus Truck The Safetyplus Truck and Safetyplus Van initiatives promote the use of modern assistance and safety systems in trucks and vans, e.g. by means of favourable insurance rates. This is expected to significantly reduce the frequency and consequences of accidents involving trucks in the future.

  • Safetyplus Van The Safetyplus Truck and Safetyplus Van initiatives promote the use of modern assistance and safety systems in trucks and vans, e.g. by means of favourable insurance rates. This is expected to significantly reduce the frequency and consequences of accidents involving trucks in the future.

  • SCR (selective catalytic reduction) In the SCR (selective catalytic reduction) process, a reducing agent (AdBlue) is sprayed into the exhaust stream. AdBlue consists of 32.5 percent carbamide and 67.5 percent water. The chemical reaction of this carbamide solution with the exhaust gas releases ammonia, which reacts in the SCR catalytic converter with the nitrogen oxides (NOX) of the exhaust gas to form a mixture of molecular nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water.


T

  • Telligent® distance control The radar unit of the Telligent® distance control system maintains an appropriate distance to the vehicle in front on motorways and trunk roads. For this purpose, Telligent® distance control initiates intervention in a number of stages – for example if another road user suddenly cuts in ahead of the vehicle.

  • Telligent® Lane Keeping Assist Telligent® Lane Keeping Assist is an image-processing safety system that helps the driver to stay in the lane of traffic. The system can be activated or deactivated and is designed for motorways and roads with clear lane markings.

  • Telligent® stability control Telligent® stability control is an active safety system especially devised for semitrailer tractors. It maintains the stability of the semitrailer combination in critical situations.

  • Telligent® systems The Telligent® trademark stands for electronic intelligence and data communications in truck computer networks. The onboard computers monitor and control many vehicle functions. The Telligent® systems thus also form the basis of all safety and convenience features, for example Telligent® distance control, the Telligent® brake system, Telligent® Lane Keeping Assist and Telligent® stability control.


U

  • UN Global Compact The Global Compact is a voluntary economic initiative of the United Nations. It focuses on ten principles in the fields of human rights, employment standards, environmental protection and the battle against corruption. The Global Compact calls on enterprises worldwide to publicly commit themselves to these principles and to actively work towards their implementation. Daimler is a foundation member of the Global Compact.

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